On this day:

1952 Jawaharlal Nehru becomes prime minister of India

1952 The Rajya Sabha, the upper house of the Parliament of India, holds its first sitting

1998 India carries out its fourth and fifth nuclear tests at Pokhran. The United States and Japan impose economic sanctions on India.

Born on this day:

1905 Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed, Indian leader and 5th President of India (1974-77), born in Delhi

Gone on this day:

2001 R.K. Narayan, Indian novelist (Malgudi Days), dies at 94