On this day:

1948 Burma gains independence from the United Kingdom

1958 Sputnik 1 falls to Earth from orbit. The Soviet Union was the first nation to send an artificial Earth satellite into space.

Born on this day:

1809 Louis Braille, French educator, invented Braille

Gone on this day:

1941 Henri Bergson, French philosopher, Nobel Prize laureate

1960 Albert Camus, French author, journalist, philosopher, Nobel Prize laureate

1961 Erwin Schrödinger, Austrian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate

1965 T. S. Eliot, American/English publisher, playwright, critic, Nobel Prize laureate