On this day:

1919 KLM, the official airline of the Netherlands, Koninklijke Luchtvaart Maatschappij N.V. or KLM, is the oldest airline that still operates under its original name, is found.

1959 People on Earth Get the First Glimpse of the Dark Side of the Moon

2001 War in Afghanistan begins

Born on this day:

1885 Niels Bohr, Danish physicist, Nobel Prize laureate

1931 Desmond Tutu, South African archbishop, activist, Nobel Prize laureate

Gone on this day:

1708 Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Sikh Guru

1849 Edgar Allan Poe, American author, poet