On this day:

1912 First Balkan war begins as Montenegro started the conflict by declaring war on the Ottoman Empire

1948 World’s first internal pacemaker implanted in a 43-year-old man called Arne Larsson .

Born on this day:

1939 Harvey Pekar, American author

Gone on this day:

1936 Premchand, Indian author

1992 Willy Brandt, 4th Chancellor of Germany, Nobel Prize laureate