On this day:

1901 First Nobel prize awarded

1948 U.N. General Assembly adopts Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Born on this day:

1815 Ada Lovelace, English mathematician

1830 Emily Dickinson, American poet

1878 C. Rajagopalachari, Indian lawyer, politician, 1st Governor General of India

Gone on this day:

1896 Alfred Nobel, Swedish chemist, engineer, invented dynamite, founded the Nobel Prize