On this day:

1933: Germany’s parliament building is set on fire

The Nazis used the Reichstag fire to justify harsh repression against political opponents. The event is considered pivotal in the establishment of Nazi Germany.

1932: The neutron is discovered English physicist James Chadwick was later awarded the Nobel Prize for his discovery

Born on this day:

1932: Elizabeth Taylor: English/American actress

1807: Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, American poet

Gone on this day:

1936: Ivan Pavlov: Russian physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate