On this day:

2005: The Kyoto Protocol goes into effect The global warming pact was ratified by 191 countries to date – excluding the United States one of the largest emitters of GHGs

1985: Hezbollah is founded The Lebanese political party and the militant group is classified as a terrorist organization by several western countries

1959: Fidel Castro becomes Cuba’s Prime Minister

Born on this day:

1979: Valentino Rossi: Italian motorcycle racer

1941 Kim Jong-il: North Korean politician, 2nd Supreme Leader of North Korea

Gone on this day:

2016: Egyptian scholar and statesman Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Former UN secretary-general