On this day:

1923 Traffic signal patented by American Garret Morgan 

1945 Nuremberg trials begin to prosecute high-ranking members of the Nazi party for war crimes committed during the Second World War

1959 Declaration of the Rights of the Child

1985 Windows 1.0 released

1998 First module of the International Space Station launched

Born on this day:

1750 Tipu Sultan, Indian army officer, king

Gone on this day:

1910 Leo Tolstoy, Russian author