On this day:

1943 Subhas Chandra Bose declares the creation of Azad Hind or Free India during a mass rally in Singapore.

1959 The Guggenheim Museum, USA, Opens its Doors 

1983 The 17th General Conference on Weights and Measures defines a meter as the distance traveled by light in vacuum during a time interval of about three hundred millionth of a second.

Born on this day:

1772 Samuel Taylor Coleridge, English poet, philosophe

Gone on this day:

1969 Jack Kerouac, American author, poet