On this day:

1905 Russian Tsar Issues the October Manifesto in response to the Russian Revolution of 1905 leading to creation of an elected legislative body called Duma and universal suffrage for men

1961 Biggest Bomb in History, Tsar Bomba or Big Ivan, is Detonated by The Soviet Union over the Mityushikha Bay test range

2014 Sweden Recognizes Palestine. By doing so, it became the first EU country in Western Europe to recognize the State of Palestine.

Gone on this day:

1883 Dayananda Saraswati, Indian philosopher, scholar

1987 Joseph Campbell, American author