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If you are looking forward to a career in law, you need to be aware of some of the most important court cases in India. Here, through this article, we are just doing that! This article will give you a basic idea about 10 of the most important and interesting court cases that have happened in the country. 

Most Important Court Cases in India

Ayodhya Case

The Ayodhya case is one of the most important court cases in India, that led to the demolition of the Babri Masjid and the starting of the construction of the Ram Mandir. The case was started in the year 1885 when permission for building a temple outside the mosque was sought by Mahant Raghubir Das. The claim was that the mosque was built on the site of Lord Sri Ram’s birth. The issue remained dormant until 1949, the year in which a few people trespassed and installed an idol of Ram in the mosque. Four tile suits were filed in the issue and the cases were fought over the years, the end result of which was the demolition of the Masjid.

Triple Talaq

Another controversy that happened in the year 2016, the Triple Talaq judgment reviewed the practice of “Talaq” in the Muslim community. This was an act where the men could end their marriages by uttering the word “Talaq” three times, without giving any alimony or provisions. The Supreme court outlawed the practice, which later led to the Triple Talaq bill of 2019.

Most Important Court Cases
Aruna Shanbaug Case

This case was triggered by the tragedy of Aruna Shanbaug, a nurse who lay in a vegetative state for 42 years, as a result of an assault. This led to the Supreme Court allowing passive Euthanasia along with the guidelines, stating that any citizen had the right to die with dignity. The case led to debates as to whether euthanasia should be allowed or not and shook the whole country.

NOTA judgment

In the year 2013, the NOTA judgment was passed wherein a new option was given to all the Indian voters. According to the new judgment, any voter had the right to not vote for any of the candidates of an election, with an additional option “None Of The Above (NOTA)” given on the electoral machine. This was also one of the most important court cases in India.

Shah Bano Case

The case concerned a Muslim woman named Shah Bano who was divorced by her husband at the age of 62, in the year 1978. Not given any marriage alimony, and having no other option to sustain her 5 children, she filed a court case against her husband. This resulted in the government passing the Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Divorce) Act in the year 1986.

Kesavananda Bharti Vs. Kerala State

One of the most important court cases in independent India, this issue required the judges to analyze the constitutions of 71 different nations to come to a fair judgment. The question was as to whether the parliament had unlimited power in amending the constitution. The issue arose when Swami Kesavananda Bharti who ran a Hindu Mutt in a village in Kerala filed a petition against the state that demanded appropriation of his land.

NALSA Vs. Union of India

The petition was filed by the National Legal Services Authority or NALSA. This case resulted in the Supreme court’s famous decision of 2014 that transgendered people belonged to a “third gender”, having equal rights as any other gender.

Lal Bihari Case

One of the weirdest, but still most important court cases in Indian legal history, this fight was fought by a person named Lal Bihari to prove that he was alive. He was registered as ‘deceased’ by his uncle to get control over the ancestral land entitled to him. When he came to know of the event years later, Lal Bihari filed a case to prove that he is in fact, undead and that he is entitled to the ancestral land now owned by his uncle.

Nanavati Case

The K.M.Nanavati Vs. the State of Maharashtra case led to the jury trial system in India coming to an end. Kawas Maneskshaw Nanavati was a Naval Commander who was tried for the murder of his wife’s lover. The case got a lot of media coverage and the accused started getting a lot of public support. He was declared not guilty by a jury consisting of 9 members, where 8 of them voted in his favor. But the verdict was later dismissed by the Bombay High Court and he was later sentenced to life imprisonment.

Hope these cases have led to the ignition of your interest in the legal field. We wish you all the best for your future!


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