Once you are done with your class 12th boards, a new phase of life awaits you. You have to go through an interesting yet difficult time choosing colleges, giving entrances, and filling a dozen application forms.  One of the toughest decisions that you need to take is to choose the type of college you want to get into. We all know there are two broad types of colleges that you can get into, either private colleges or public/government colleges and universities. 

Choosing the right kind of college is instrumental for your growth, development, and most importantly your future. To make your task a little easier, we bring forth certain pros and cons of both private and government colleges. 

Now before I begin with the pros and cons, you can find below some of the factors that are crucial for you to consider while choosing the type of college. 

  • Always choose a college that specializes in the course of the subject you want to do. 
  • If you are aiming for a professional course, choose the college that provides a better professional exposure in terms of training, placement assistance, and quality of education. 
  • In case you are not sure of the subject or course, you can always choose a college that has more reputation or value in the particular field. This is because even if you are not sure of the subject, you will always get ample opportunities to explore in the college. 

What are Government and Private Colleges/Universities?

Government colleges/ universities are colleges or universities that fall directly under the government and get a share or all of its funding from the government. 

Private colleges/universities do not fall under the government and their funding is allocated by the private stakeholders. 

With the basic differentiation let us go into the pros and cons of private and government colleges.


Let’s take a brief look at the pros of both government and private colleges.

    Government colleges        Private colleges
Since the government colleges and universities are run by the government, the tuition fees are much less here. The infrastructure of private colleges is of good quality, there are smart projectors and efficient use of technology to provide a good quality of education. 
The quality of education depends on the teachers and since the selection criteria is quite tough for government colleges, highly qualified teachers are there. The class size of private colleges are often small in number. The teacher student ratio is often 1:40 and proper emphasis is there on every student. 
Placement assistance of government colleges are really good as we already know from the placements of SRCC, LSR, etc. Though this is the condition for a handful of government colleges. Internships, training assistance and placements are available where all the students have an equal opportunity to get into. 
In case of campus life and activities, government colleges do provide tons of activities that are all run by students. Though there is competition and entrances for getting into private colleges, often it is much easier to get into private colleges due to the provision of management quota. 
Since students all across India come to study in government colleges, a lot of diversity is found in these colleges. You can make friends with people belonging to numerous cultures, religions and areas. 


Let’s take a brief look at the cons of both government and private colleges.

Government colleges Private colleges
The infrastructure of most government colleges is not up to the mark. This is because these colleges get grants from the government and hence there is a delay of work. The tuition fees of private colleges are quite high as there is no provision of grants from the government. Infact tuition fees consist of many aspects like WiFi costs, training costs etc. 
Due to less efficient monitoring systems in government colleges, there are times the professors fail to impart good quality of education.Diversity is not found to be quite diverse as compared to government colleges. 
Class size in government colleges is quite large and often 200 students are also filled up in one class. It is possible that the backbenchers are never pointed out by the professor. There are strict rules and regulations followed in terms of attendance. For students who wish to take part in activities other than attending classes, this becomes a point of disadvantage. 

With these pros and cons in mind, you can effectively choose which college serves your needs and then decide the type of college. Hope these pointers serve your needs. 

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