Ages ago, Shakespeare said ‘Brevity is the wit of the soul’. Well, centuries later, this still holds true. Especially our examiners feel so! So here is a list of 30 important one-word substitutions that you must know for your extrance exams!

  1. Ambidextrous

Meaning: One who can use either hand with ease

Usage: few of us are naturally ambidextrous

  1. Anarchist:

Meaning: A person who believes in or tries to bring about a state of lawlessness

Usage: Karl Marks was a famous anarchist 

  1. Bureaucracy:  

Meaning: Government by officials in a state

Usage: the unnecessary bureaucracy in local government leads to revolution

  1. Antidote:  

Meaning: A medicine to counteract the effect of a poison

Usage: there is no known antidote to the poison of the pufferfish

  1. Epitome:

Meaning: A short summary of a book or speech 

Usage: she looked the epitome of elegance and good taste

  1. Autobiography:

Meaning: The life history of a person written by that person

Usage: He gives a vivid description of his childhood in his autobiography

  1. Claustrophobia:

Meaning: Fear of confined places

Usage: the small stuffy room had begun to give him claustrophobia

  1. Encyclopedia:

Meaning: A book that contains information on various subjects

Usage: He prefers to read encyclopedia in order to gain more knowledge about anything

  1. Anthropology:

Meaning: Study of the evolution of mankind

Usage: Anthropology is an approach to understanding the many different aspects of the human experience

  1. Linguist:

Meaning: A person skilled in foreign languages

Usage: The study of the English language is an example of linguistics.

  1. Orchard:

Meaning: A piece of enclosed land planted with fruit trees

Usage: He trotted back towards the orchard, pensive.

  1. Sanatorium:

Meaning: A room or building for sick children in a boarding school

Usage: The room is now utilized as a sanatorium for British soldiers.

  1. Nostalgia:

Meaning: A sentimental longing or wistful affection for a period in the past

Usage: He might be influenced by nostalgia for his happy youth.

  1. Panacea:

Meaning: A solution or remedy for all difficulties or diseases

Usage: Technology is not a panacea for all our problems.

  1. Plagiarism:

Meaning: The practice of taking someone else’s work or ideas and passing them off as one’s own

Usage: The journal accused the professor of plagiarism.

  1. Utopia:

Meaning: An imaginary ideal society free of poverty and suffering

Usage: Our belief in a Communist utopia had nothing to do with reality.

  1. Epitaph:

Meaning: A phrase or form of words written in memory of a person who has died

Usage: These films stand as an epitaph to the great director.

  1. Genocide:

Meaning: Killing of a large group of people

Usage: They have been accused of genocidal crimes.

  1. Obituary:

Meaning: A news article that reports the recent death of a person

Usage: You can check the details of the victims in the obituary sections of the paper

  1. Postmortem:

Meaning: An examination of a dead body to determine the cause of death

Usage: A postmortem was ordered to try to ascertain the cause of death.

  1. Agoraphobia:

Meaning: An extreme or irrational fear of open or public places

Usage: She had agoraphobia and never wanted to go out of the house.

  1. Bibliophobia:

Meaning: Fear or hatred of books

Usage: David and l were by then known to be writers, and this public display of bibliophobia required a certain amount of explanation.

  1. Cynophobia:

Meaning: Fear of dogs

Usage: Around this time Joyce was attacked by a dog, leading to his lifelong cynophobia.

  1. Demonomania:

Meaning: A delusion of being possessed by evil spirits

Usage: When a patient believes that he or she is possessed by one or more demons but is actually having demonomania.

  1. Gamophobia:

Meaning: Fear of getting married, being in a relationship, or commitment

Usage: If you suffer from Gamophobia and can manage to tolerate conversations about marriage, participate in a little bit of exposure therapy by engaging with married folk.

  1. Nyctophobia:

Meaning: An extreme or irrational fear of the night or of darkness

Usage: Nyctophobia is mostly present in young children, and starts out with night terrors 

  1. Triskaidekaphobia:

Meaning: Extreme superstition regarding the number thirteen

Usage: For the record, triskaidekaphobia is commonly misidentified as the fear of Friday the 13th.

  1. Petrology:

Meaning: The branch of science concerned with the origin, structure, and composition of rocks

Usage: At Berkeley, he gained insight into experimental studies of petrology and geochemistry.

  1. Dactylology:

Meaning: The use of the fingers and hands to communicate and convey ideas

Usage: She learned Dactylology in childhood as she has some medical problems.

  1. Hamlet:

Meaning: A community of people smaller than a village

Usage: The Slovak settlement pattern includes hamlets or colonies, villages, towns, and cities

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