• What is Non-verbal or Visual Reasoning?
• Different types of Non-verbal or Visual reasoning
• The approach towards identifying and solving questions.
##### Exam Connect

Overall this topic scoring provided we have a good level of visualization and pattern recognition power. We generally find 3-4 questions in all the major examinations but for hotel management examination this topic has higher weightage.

### Non-verbal Reasoning

In non-verbal or visual reasoning, we are given a series of figures and illustrations, and we have to identify the pattern in which the series is proceeding and answer the questions. The questions can range from finding the wrong image in the series to finding the options which complete the visual series but in each and every question, we have to identify the pattern.

There are thousands of patterns but the following are some of the commonly seen patterns in the visual reasoning questions:

#### 1. Elemental Movements

Under these types of questions, an element or even multiple elements of an illustration moves in a definite pattern across the series and we have to identify those movement patterns in order to predict the next movement.

#### 2. Elemental RotationsÂ

Under these types of questions, an element or even multiple elements of an illustration rotates in a definite pattern across the series and we have to identify those rotational patterns in order to predict the next movement.

#### 3. Mirror Image

Mirror image is the image obtained by putting a figure in front of a mirror or in easier terms, it is the mirror reflection of an object.

So one way to identify a mirror image is to look for the lateral inversion of the given element/object/illustration i.e. left side of the image becomes right side of the reflection and right side of the image becomes the left side of the image.

From the above figure, it is clear that in a mirror image top and bottom part of the image does not change.

#### 4. Water Image

Water image refers to the reflection made by an object on the water surface. One way to identify a water image is that the top part of the object becomes the bottom part of the image and the bottom part of the object becomes the top part if the image.

From the above figure, it is clear that in a mirror image left and right side of the image does not change.

#### Example Question:

Complete the series:

Solution: In the above series, there are 2 arrows with different lengths and independent movements. The shorter arrow is moving clockwise and the longer one is moving anti-clockwise. So Option 1 is the correct answer.

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