On this day:
1912 Republic of China is founded, to be succeeded by the People’s Republic of China in 1949
1958 The European Economic Community is founded, a predecessor of today’s European Union (EU)
1992 The formation of the Russian Federation followed the disintegration of the Soviet Union.
1993 Czechoslovakia is dissolved into the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic.
1999 The Euro becomes the official currency in 11 countries
Gone on this day:
1782 Johann Christian Bach, German composer
1894 Heinrich Hertz, German physicist