On this day:
1912: The Republic of China is founded, to be succeeded by the People’s Republic of China in 1949
1958: The European Economic Community is founded, a predecessor of today’s European Union (EU)
1992: The formation of the Russian Federation followed the disintegration of the Soviet Union.
1993: Czechoslovakia is dissolved into the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic.
1999: The Euro becomes the official currency in 11 countries
Gone on this day:
1782: Johann Christian Bach, German composer
1894: Heinrich Hertz, German physicist