On this day:
1949: Mao Zedong declared the establishment of the People’s Republic of China.
1957: Thalidomide, an anti-nausea drug and sleep-aid, was launched, before being being banned for causing birth defects.
1961: British Cameroon or Southern Cameroon joined the Republic of Cameroon to form the Federal Republic of Cameroon.
Born on this day:
1924: Jimmy Carter, 39th President of the United States, Nobel Prize laureate
Gone on this day:
2012: Eric Hobsbawm, Egyptian/English historian, author