On this day:

1940 Indian independence leader Subhas Chandra Bose is arrested and detained in Calcutta

1972 India and Pakistan sign Simla Agreement peace accord

2001 World’s first self-contained artificial heart transplant performed on Robert Tools

Born on this day:

1877 Hermann Hesse, German writer, Nobel Prize laureate

Gone on this day:

1566 Nostradamus, French astrologer

1778 Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Swiss philosopher, polymath

1961 Ernest Hemingway, American writer, Nobel Prize laureate