On this day:

1957: Ghana becomes the first African country to gain independence from colonial rule Ghana emerged as a sovereign state from the former British colonies Gold Coast and Togoland. Kwame Nkrumah was the country’s first leader.

1899: The painkiller Asprin is registered as a trademark. Acetylsalicylic acid was first isolated in 1897 by German chemist Felix Hoffmann. Today, the medication is sold by Bayer and is on the World Health Organization’s list of essential medicines.

1869: The first periodic table of chemical elements is presented Dmitri Mendeleev presented the system to the Russian Chemical Society on that day.

Born on this day:

1972: Shaquille O’Neal: American basketball player, actor, rapper

1475: Michelangelo: Italian painter, sculptor

Gone on this day:

1982: Ayn Rand: Russian/American author, philosopher

1900: Gottlieb Daimler: German engineer, businessman, co-founded Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft