On this day:

1916 First woman to be elected to US Congress (Jeannette Rankin)

1917 October Revolution happened. The Bolsheviks, led by Vladimir Lenin, took over the winter palace and ended the rule of the post-Tsarist provisional government and transferred all powers to the communists in Russia 

Born on this day:

1867 Marie Curie, Polish chemist, physicist, Nobel Prize laureate

1888 C. V. Raman, Indian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate

1913 Albert Camus, French author, journalist, philosopher, Nobel Prize laureate

Gone on this day:

1913 Alfred Russel Wallace, Welsh/English geographer, biologist, explorer