On this day:

1949 George Orwell publishes Nineteen Eighty-Four, one of the best known English novels

1972 Nick Út takes his famous “napalm girl” Pulitzer winning photo

1987 New Zealand becomes a nuclear-free zone

Born on this day:

1916 Francis Crick, English biologist, biophysicist, neuroscientist, Nobel Prize laureate

Gone on this day:

1809 Thomas Paine, English/American theorist, author