On this day:

1800 The British Indian Government establishes the Fort William College to promote Urdu, Hindi and other vernaculars of sub continent

1806 Vellore Mutiny, the first instance of a mutiny by Indian sepoys against the British East India Company, takes place

1913 Death Valley, U.S experiences the highest temperature ever recorded on Earth of 56.7 degree celsius

1962 Telstar, the world’s first communication satellite is launched in space

Born on this day:

1856 Nikola Tesla, Serbian/American physicist, engineer

1949 Sunil Gavaskar, cricketer

1972 Sundar Pichai, Indian American tech executive, head of Google and Alphabet, born in Madurai