On this day:

1970: Rhodesia declared itself an independent republic

1969: Concorde (the supersonic airliner) took off on its maiden flight

1946: Ho Chi Minh elected President of North Vietnam

Born on this day:

1968: Daniel Craig: English actor

1931: Mikhail Gorbachev: Soviet lawyer, politician, President of the Soviet Union, Nobel Prize laureate

Gone on this day:

1930: D. H. Lawrence: English novelist