On this day:

1501 Portuguese explorer Pedro Cabral arrives back in Lisbon after successfully discovering Brazil and returning from India

1799 The Rosetta Stone, an ancient Egyptian rock inscribed with a decree by King Ptolemy V, is found

1955 Mainau Declaration is signed by 18 Nobel laureates against use of nuclear weapons

2002 A. P. J. Abdul Kalam is elected 11th President of India (results announced 18th July)

Born on this day:

1606 Rembrandt, Dutch painter

Gone on this day:

1904 Anton Chekhov, Russian physician, author