On this day:

1938: The world’s fastest steam locomotive, The Mallard is built. It could reach a speed of over 100 miles per hour (160 km/h).

1924: The last remnant of the Ottoman empire in Turkey is abolished The end of the Islamic caliphate marked the demise of the 600-year old empire and gave way to the formation of a reformed Turkey under Mustafa Kemal Atatürk.

Born on this day:

1977: Ronan Keating: Irish singer-songwriter, actor

1847: Alexander Graham Bell: Scottish/American engineer, invented the Telephone

Gone on this day:

1707: Aurangzeb: Mughal emperor