On this day:

1877 Martian Moon Phobos is discovered by American astronomer Asaph Hall

2005 Indonesia suffers a Massive Power Outage, one of the biggest power outages in modern history

Born on this day:

1750 Antonio Salieri, Italian composer

1900 Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit, Indian diplomat and politician, born in Allahabad

Gone on this day:

1945 Subhas Chandra Bose, Indian revolutionary and nationalist