On this day:

1815 Napoleon suffers a shattering defeat at the Battle of Waterloo

1940 A speech by Charles de Gaulle sparks the French Resistance to German occupation

Born on this day:

1929 Jürgen Habermas, German sociologist, philosopher

Gone on this day:

1858 Rani Lakshmibai, queen of Jhansi in North India, one of the leading figures of the Indian rebellion of 1857