On this day:

1906 The Wright brothers’ flying machine is patented

1960 The most violent earthquake in recorded history, measuring 9.5 in richter scale, hits Chile

1992 India launches its Agni rocket

2004 Manmohan Singh becomes the 13th Prime Minister of India

Born on this day:

1772 Ram Mohan Roy, Hindu reformer (founded Brahmo Sabha), born in Radhanagar, British India

1859 Arthur Conan Doyle, Scottish physician, author of Sherlock Holmes

Gone on this day:

1885 Victor Hugo, French author, poet, playwright