On this day:

1894 The International Olympic Committee (IOC) is founded

1961 The Antarctic Treaty, first arms control agreement during cold war, comes into force

1992 “Tin Bigha Day” protest in India of corridor opening to Bangladesh

2018 Indian chess prodigy Rameshbabu Praggnanandhaa becomes the second-youngest grandmaster

Born on this day:

1894 Edward VIII, King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Empire (1936)

1912 Alan Turing, English mathematician

Gone on this day:

1980 Sanjay Gandhi, Indian politician, dies in a plane crash at 33

1980 V.V. [Varahagiri Venkata] Giri, Fourth President of India (1969-74)

1995 Jonas Salk, American biologist, physician