On this day:

1847 The country of Liberia is founded

1963 Syncom 2, the world’s first geosynchronous communications satellite is launched

1965 Independence of the Maldives from Britain

1999 Fighting ceases between India and Pakistan in the Kargil War, Kashmir, after two months of fighting

Born on this day:

1875 Carl Jung, Swiss psychiatrist

1856 George Bernard Shaw, Irish writer, Nobel Prize laureate