On this day:

1918 Czechoslovakia Gains Independence from Austro-Hungarian Empire

1938 Germany expelled about 17000 Polish Jews and sent them to Poland which refused to take them in.

Born on this day:

1914 Jonas Salk, American biologist, physician

1955 Bill Gates, American businessman, co-founded Microsoft

Gone on this day:

1704 John Locke, English philosopher, physician

1900 Friedrich Max Müller, German philologist, orientalist