On this day:

1751 British troops under Sir Robert Clive occupy Arcot, India

1957 Federation of Malaya, now Malaysia, Gains Independence from Britain

1991 Uzbekistan declares its independence from the Soviet Union

1998 North Korea Announces the Launch of its First Satellite

Born on this day:

1569 Jahangir, 4th Mughal Emperor of India (1605-27), born in Fatehpur Sikri, Mughal Empire

1870 Maria Montessori, Italian physician, educator

Gone on this day:

1985 Frank Macfarlane Burnet, Australian biologist, Nobel Prize laureate

1919 Amrita Preetam, Indian poet and author, born in Gujranwala, Pakistan