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Today’s article title is: Words and numbers

Did you find words that were absolutely new? Great! Below are the explanations given for some of those difficult words you found. Go through them slowly and don’t forget to do the exercises at the end.

Important words and idioms from the article

AMBITIOUS

Adjective

Pronunciation: am-bish-uhs

Meaning: having a strong desire for personal advancement

Synonyms: aspiring, go-getting, hard-driving, pushing, self-seeking

Antonyms: ambitionless, unambitious

Usage:  He is bound to work hard if he is so ambitious

Forms: Ambition (noun)


BESETTING

Adjective

Pronunciation: bih-set-ing

Meaning: caused by or suggestive of an irresistible urge

Synonyms: compulsive, driven, impulsive, obsessional, obsessive

Antonyms: controllable, manageable, resistible

Usage:  He seems to have a besetting need to gossip


CONSTRAINT

Noun

Pronunciation: kuhn-streynt

Meaning: something that limits one’s freedom of action or choice/

Synonyms: check, circumscription, condition, curb, fetter, limitation, restraint, restriction, stricture

Antonyms: freedom, latitude

Usage: There was a constraint in the contract terms and conditions against reporting directly to the media. 

Forms: Constrained (adjective)


CHRONIC

Adjective

Pronunciation: kron-ik

Meaning: being such by habit and not likely to change

Synonyms: confirmed, habitual, inveterate

Antonyms: unaccustomed, unused, intermittent, occasional

Usage: He is a chronic chain smoker 


AESTHETIC

Adjective

Pronunciation: es-thet-ik

Meaning: very pleasing to look at

Synonyms: attractive, seemly, sightly 

Antonyms: grotesque, hideous, unsightly

Usage:  The interior of the house is very aesthetic to look at

Forms: Aesthetically (adverb)


Practice Questions

Q1) If the words ‘Aesthetic’ and ‘Grotesque’ make a perfect pair, select the correct pair from the following set of words following the same logic:

  1. Chronic-Habitual
  2. Constraint-Restraint
  3. Ambitious-Aspiring
  4. Besetting-Controllable

Q2) Create sentences of your own with the following words:

  1. Chronic
  2. Besetting
  3. Aesthetic
  4. Constraint

Tell us your answers in the comments below.