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Today’s article talks about CBSE decreasing board exam syllabus based on learning outcomes. 

The article title is: CBSE likely to cut Board exam syllabus by a third.

Did you find words that were absolutely new? Great! Below are the explanations given for some of those difficult words you found. Go through them slowly and don’t forget to do the exercises at the end.

Important words and idioms from the article


Pronunciation: ruh-duh-kshn

Part of Speech: noun

Meaning: the action of making something smaller in degree

Synonyms: discount, devaluate, rebate, decrease

Antonyms: increase, enlargement

Usage: There was a significant reduction in the prices of the groceries.

Forms: reduce(verb)


Pronunciation: oh-ver-lap

Part of Speech: verb. noun

Meaning: a) extend over so as to cover partly (verb)

                 b) a part which overlaps (noun)

Synonyms: imbricate, overlie, overhang

Antonyms: divide, separate

Usage: Our exam schedule overlapped with the picnic day.


Pronunciation: awt-km

Part of Speech: noun

Meaning: the result of an even or action

Synonyms: effect, consequence, aftermath, aftereffect

Antonyms: origin, source, cause

Usage: The outcome of our efforts were fruitful.


Pronunciation: uhn-fawst

Part of Speech: noun

Meaning: caused forcefully or by compulsion 

Synonyms: imposed, prescribed, required, sanctioned

Antonyms: natural, easy

Usage: The Supreme court enforced a new law.

Forms: enforcement(noun)


Pronunciation: proon

Part of Speech: verb

Meaning: cut short

Synonyms: snip, shear, shorten, cut off

Antonyms: include, enlarge

Usage: The gardener pruned the stray branches of the trees one by one.


Pronunciation: rash-nuhl-ahyz

Part of Speech: verb

Meaning: to justify an even or an action with reasons 

Synonyms: reason, reconcile, justify

Usage: There is no way to rationalise this rash decision.

Forms: rational(adjective), rationalist(noun) 


Pronunciation: ri-tein

Part of Speech: verb

Meaning: to continue keeping possession of 

Synonyms: contain, hold, keep, preserve

Antonyms: abandon, desert, neglect

Usage: He retained his physical strength even after his illness.

Forms: retention(noun)


Pronunciation: prow-greh-shn

Part of Speech: noun

Meaning: a) the process of moving towards an advanced state

                  b) a number of things in series

Synonyms: advancement, evolution, betterment, development 

Antonyms: halt, block, stoppage

Usage: The progression of our assignment is right on time.

Forms: progress(noun,verb), progressive(adjective,noun)


Pronunciation: kol-uh-nahyz-a-shn

Part of Speech: noun

Meaning: the act of dividing something into smaller parts

Synonyms: establishment, settlement, transplanting

Usage: The British colonisation in India lasted for over two hundred years.

Forms: colonise(verb), colonial(adjective,noun)


Pronunciation: aa-tuh-zan

Part of Speech: verb, noun

Meaning: a) give or grant someone power or status(verb)

                 b) be consistent with (verb)

                 c) an official agreement or treaty (noun)

Synonyms: deal, pact, reconciliation

Antonyms: disagreement, discord

Usage: His ideas were in accord with the boss. .

Forms: accordance(noun), accordingly(adverb)

Practice Questions

Q1) If the words ‘overlap’ and ‘imbricate’ make a perfect pair, select the correct pair from the following set of words following the same logic:

  1. Accord-Discord
  2. Outcome-Consequence
  3. Enforced-Easy
  4.  Retain-Abandon

Q2) Create sentences of your own with the following words:

  1. Rationalise
  2. Reduction
  3. Outcome
  4. Progression 
  5. Accord

Tell us your answers in the comments below.

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