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Today’s article title is: Crowded villages show why coronavirus cases are surging in rural India

Did you find words that were absolutely new? Great! Below are the explanations given for some of those difficult words you found. Go through them slowly and don’t forget to do the exercises at the end.

Important words and idioms from the article

SURGE

Verb

Pronunciation: surj

Meaning: as in jump, skyrocket

Synonyms: jump, rocket, skyrocket, intensify

Antonyms: contract, decrease, diminish, dwindle, lessen, recede, wane

Usage: The numbers will surge before crashing 

Forms: Surge (noun)


EMULATE

Verb

Pronunciation: em-yuh-leyt

Meaning: to be the same in meaning or effect/ to use (someone or something) as the model for one’s speech, mannerisms, or behavior

Synonyms: add up (to), amount (to), come (to), correspond (to), equal/ape, copy, copycat, imitate

Usage: He would often emulate the mannersims of his boss to impress him  

Forms: Emulation (noun) 


STIGMATIZE

Verb

Pronunciation: stig-muh-tahyz 

Meaning: usually disapproving to describe or regard in a way that shows strong disapproval

Synonyms: brand, tag

Antonyms: applaud

Usage: He will always be stigmatized for his past history  

Forms: Stigma (noun), Stigmatized (adjective)


HINTERLAND

Noun

Pronunciation: hin-ter-land

Meaning: a rural region that forms the edge of the settled or developed part of a country

Synonyms: backcountry, backland(s), backwater, backwoods, bush, frontier, outback, outlands

Usage:  The cost of houses in the hinterland is cheaper


AILING

Adjective

Pronunciation: ey-ling

Meaning: chronically or repeatedly suffering from poor health

Synonyms: invalid, sickly, weakly

Antonyms: healthy, well

Usage:  The ailing father wanted to talk to his daughter
Forms: Ailment (noun), Ail (verb)