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Today’s article talks about the need to change the law systems that are redundant and prevalent since colonial times in India. 

The article title is: Revise the law.

Did you find words that were absolutely new? Great! Below are the explanations given for some of those difficult words you found. Go through them slowly and don’t forget to do the exercises at the end.

Important words and idioms from the article

PENAL 

Pronunciation: pee-nuhl

Part of Speech: adjective

Meaning: a) related to, or used for punishment under the legal system

                 b) punishable by law

Synonyms: corrective, punishing, retributive, punitory

Usage: His action breached the penal code of law.

Forms: penalty(noun)


IMPERATIVE

Pronunciation: im-peh-ruh-tuhv

Part of Speech: adjective, noun

Meaning: a) of vital importance (adjective)

                 b) giving a command (adjective)

                 c) an urgent thing (noun)

Synonyms: authoritative, compulsory, obligatory, commanding

Antonyms: discretionary, inessential, secondary

Usage: The statement by the court was an imperative, not to be taken lightly. .


ENSURE

Pronunciation: en-shyow

Part of Speech: verb

Meaning: to make sure of something

Synonyms: guarantee, establish, assure, secure

Antonyms: endanger, harm, injure, contradict

Usage: The doctor ensured that our mother will be fine.


OVERHAUL

Pronunciation: oh-ver-hawl

Part of Speech: verb

Meaning: to examine and repair something

Synonyms: fix, improve, renew, rebuild

Antonyms: break, damage, destroy

Usage: Having finished his lunch, he went to overhaul his bike.


OVERDUE

Pronunciation: ow-vuh-dyoo

Part of Speech: adjective

Meaning: not having happened at the estimated time

Synonyms: belated, delinquited, outstanding, tardy

Antonyms: early, timely, settled

Usage: The rent for the past two months is long overdue.

Forms: due(adjective, noun)


WEAPONISE

Pronunciation: veh-pn-ahyz

Part of Speech: verb

Meaning: adapt to use for a weapon 

Synonyms: adapt, alter, modify

Antonyms: stiffen, tune, dissimilate

Usage: His one mistake was weaponized against him in his whole term of service.

Forms: weapon(noun), weaponry(noun), weaponization(verb)


SEDITION

Pronunciation: suh-di-shn

Part of Speech: noun

Meaning: to conduct a speech exciting the people against an authority 

Synonyms: insubordination, insurrection, mutiny, dissent

Antonyms: obedience, submission

Usage: A sedition against the administration raged after the change of policies.

Forms: seditious (adjective)


PROVISION

Pronunciation: prow-vi-zhn

Part of Speech: noun, verb

Meaning: a) the act of supplying something(noun)

                 b) an amount supplied (noun)

                c) to supply with essentials(verb)

Synonyms: arrangement, catering, equipping, procure

Antonyms: removal, taking

Usage: The government has arranged for provision of essentials to the needy.

Forms: provisional(noun,adjective), provide(verb)


SAFEGUARD

Pronunciation: seif-gaad

Part of Speech: noun, verb

Meaning: a) a step taken to protect someone or something (noun)

                 b) to protect someone or something (verb)

Synonyms: security, shield, armament

Antonyms: harm, hurt, injury

Usage: All measures have been taken to safeguard the common man from effects of the war.

Forms: guard(verb, noun)


GAMUT

Pronunciation: ga-muht

Part of Speech: noun

Meaning: a complete range of something

Synonyms: spectrum, catalogue, compass, extent

Antonyms: limited

Usage: We came up with a whole gamut of ideas to execute the function.


Practice Questions

Q1) If the words ‘ensure’ and ‘guarantee’ make a perfect pair, select the correct pair from the following set of words following the same logic:

  1. Penal-Free
  2. Overdue-Timely
  3. Sedition-Submission
  4. Overhaul-Improve

Q2) Create sentences of your own with the following words:

  1. Weaponise
  2. Imperative
  3. Overhaul
  4. Safeguard
  5. Gamut

Tell us your answers in the comments below.