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Today’s article talks about the necessary steps to take to summon the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha into meeting. 

The article title is: Parliament must meet.

Did you find words that were absolutely new? Great! Below are the explanations given for some of those difficult words you found. Go through them slowly and don’t forget to do the exercises at the end.

Important words and idioms from the article

FATE

Pronunciation: feit

Part of Speech: verb, noun

Meaning: a) destined to happen in a particular way(verb)

                 b) destiny(noun)

Synonyms: consequence, effect, future, outcome

Antonyms: misfortune

Usage: All his success was not just his fate but also his hardwork and patience.

Forms: fateful(adjective)


UNCERTAIN

Pronunciation: uhn-suh-tn

Part of Speech: adjective

Meaning: not known or definite

Synonyms: unclear, vague, indefinite, precarious

Antonyms: clear, decided, definite 

Usage: We did our best but we are still uncertain about our winning.

Forms: uncertainty(noun), certain(adjective), certainty(noun)


ABRUPT

Pronunciation: uh-bruhpt

Part of Speech: adjective

Meaning: sudden 

Synonyms: quick, surprising, unanticipated, unexpected

Antonyms: deliberate, expected

Usage: We felt an abrupt tremor and the building was shaking.

Forms: abruptly(adverb)


SUBDUE

Pronunciation: suhb-dyoo

Part of Speech: verb

Meaning: bring someone or something under control

Synonyms: conquer, crush, overcome, humble

Antonyms: lose, yield, allow

Usage: He was subdued by his friends at school.


SCRUTINY 

Pronunciation: skroo-tuh-nee

Part of Speech: noun

Meaning: observe someone or something critically

Synonyms: analysis, review, inspection

Usage: The test papers were sent for scrutiny to the controller of examinations.

Forms: scrutinise(verb)


RELUCTANCE

Pronunciation: ruh-luhk-tns

Part of Speech: noun

Meaning: unwillingness to do something 

Synonyms: unwilling, hesitation, doubt

Antonyms: surety, willingness

Usage: His reluctance to give the presentation showed that he was not confident.

Forms: reluctant(adjective)


DEFICIT

Pronunciation: deh-fuh-suht

Part of Speech: noun

Meaning: something that is smaller than the accepted amount

Synonyms: shortfall, loss, deficiency

Antonyms: abundance, adequacy, enough

Usage: You need a calorie deficit to lose weight.

Forms: deficient(adjective), deficiency(noun)


PROHIBITION

Pronunciation: prow-uh-bi-shn

Part of Speech: noun

Meaning: the act of forbidding something

Synonyms: constraint, prevention, restraint, restriction 

Antonyms: allowance, permission

Usage: There was a prohibition on entry inside the property.

Forms: prohibit(verb)


TWEAK

Pronunciation: tveek

Part of Speech: verb

Meaning: improve something by making adjustments

Synonyms: adjust, twist

Usage: He tweaked his guitar strings to adjust the sound quality.


RECONVENE

Pronunciation: ree-kuhn-veen

Part of Speech: verb

Meaning: reassemble, especially a group of people for a meeting

Synonyms: reunite, reconcile, rejoin, get together

Antonyms: estrange, separate

Usage: Our manager reconvened the team members to talk over the project again.

Forms: reconvention(verb)


Practice Questions

Q1) If the words ‘tweak’ and ‘adjust’ make a perfect pair, select the correct pair from the following set of words following the same logic:

  1. Uncertain-Clear
  2. Subdue-Conquer
  3. Abrupt-Orderly
  4. Reconvene-Separate

Q2) Create sentences of your own with the following words:

  1. Deficit
  2. Reluctance
  3. Tweak
  4. Subdue
  5. Reconvene

Tell us your answers in the comments below.