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Today’s article title is: China’s counter-sanctions avoid top Trump aides; Ted Cruz, Rubio targeted

Did you find words that were absolutely new? Great! Below are the explanations given for some of those difficult words you found. Go through them slowly and don’t forget to do the exercises at the end.

Important words and idioms from the article

AIDE

Noun

Pronunciation: eyd

Meaning: a person who helps a more skilled person

Synonyms: adjunct, adjutant, aid, apprentice, assistant

Usage: He has always been a loyal aide  


CURTAIL

Verb

Pronunciation: ker-teyl

Meaning: to make less in extent or duration

Synonyms: abbreviate, abridge, cut back, dock, elide, shorten, syncopate, truncate

Antonyms: elongate, extend, lengthen, prolong, protract

Usage: He curtailed the discussed when he felt someone was listening 

Forms: Curtailment (noun)


IMPOSE

Verb

Pronunciation: im-pohz

Meaning: to establish or apply as a charge or penalty

Synonyms: assess, charge, exact, fine, lay, levy, put

Antonyms: remit

Usage: They impose a fine of Rs. 500 for littering 

Forms: Imposition (noun)


PROTRACTED

Adjective

Pronunciation: proh-trak-tid

Meaning: as in prolonged, overlong

Synonyms: longish, overlong, prolonged

Antonyms: brief, little, mini, short

Usage: This is the protracted version of the story 

Forms: Protract (verb), Protraction (noun) 


SUPPRESS

Verb

Pronunciation: suh-pres

Meaning: to hold back

Synonyms: repress, smother, repress

Antonyms: advance, boost, encourage

Usage: They suppress the feeling of ingratitude among their followers 
Forms: Suppression (noun), Suppressed (adjective)