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Today’s article talks about UGC’s pressing policy of conducting examinations for terminal semester across all Universities in India. 

The article title is: UGC guidelines on examinations binding on states.

Did you find words that were absolutely new? Great! Below are the explanations given for some of those difficult words you found. Go through them slowly and don’t forget to do the exercises at the end.

Important words and idioms from the article

TERMINAL

Pronunciation: tuh-muh-nuhl

Part of Speech: adjective, noun

Meaning: a) forming the end or extremity of something(adjective)

                 b) the ending point(noun)

Synonyms: extremity, end, ultimate, utmost

Antonyms: introductory, beginning, initial

Usage: He died of a terminal illness.

Forms: terminatel(verb), termination(noun)


BINDING

Pronunciation: bain-ding

Part of Speech: adjective

Meaning: an agreement that cannot be broken

Synonyms: irrevocable, conclusive, mandatory

Antonyms: optional, secondary, inessential

Usage: The laws in the constitution are binding on all citizens of the country.

Forms: bind(verb)


COMPLY

Pronunciation: kuhm-plai

Part of Speech: verb

Meaning: act in accordance with someone’s wish or command

Synonyms: adhere, obey, acquiesce, acceed

Antonyms: disobey, dissuade, ignore

Usage: We complied with the decision of the school administration.

Forms: compliance(noun)


WITHDRAW

Pronunciation: vidh-draw

Part of Speech: verb

Meaning: take away something or someone from a place or a person

Synonyms: retreat, eliminate,. quit 

Antonyms: begin, continue, engage

Usage: She withdrew her name from the essay-writing competition

Forms: withdrawal(noun).


AUTONOMY

Pronunciation: aw-taw-nuh-mee

Part of Speech: noun

Meaning: the right to exercise self-government

Synonyms: self-rule, sovereignty, liberty

Antonyms: dependence

Usage: The colleges under the University exercised autonomy in controlling exams.

Forms: autonomous(adjective)


SLAM

Pronunciation: slam

Part of Speech: noun

Meaning: criticise severely  

Synonyms: slur, stricture, reprimand

Antonyms: praise, compliment

Usage: He was slammed for not following orders.


RECONSIDER

Pronunciation: ree-kuhn-si-duh

Part of Speech: verb

Meaning: thinking something over again, especially a decision

Synonyms: reassess, reevaluate, rethink, review

Antonyms: ignore, refuse

Usage: We reconsidered our plan because of lack of support.

Forms: consider(verb)


POPULIST

Pronunciation: paw-pyoo-luhst

Part of Speech: noun

Meaning: democratic, relating to the people

Synonyms: egalitarian, socialist, popular

Usage: The government took a more populist approach towards their policy-making.

Forms: popular(adjective)


ADOPT

Pronunciation: uh-dawpt

Part of Speech: verb

Meaning: take up or follow or use

Synonyms: accept, approve, endorse, ratify

Antonyms: deny, disallow, disagree

Usage: We adopted a new filing technique.


GUIDELINE

Pronunciation: gaid-lain

Part of Speech: noun

Meaning: a general rule or advice

Synonyms: code, instruction, protocol, rule

Usage: All guidelines were given to the students regarding the function schedule.


Practice Questions

Q1) If the words ‘binding’ and ‘mandatory’ make a perfect pair, select the correct pair from the following set of words following the same logic:

  1. Withdraw-Continue
  2. Comply-Adhere
  3. Reconsider-Refuse
  4. Terminal-Initial

Q2) Create sentences of your own with the following words:

  1. Populist
  2. Autonomy
  3. Slam
  4. Reconsider
  5. Guideline

Tell us your answers in the comments below.