Eazyprep brings to you ‘Words in News’, an easy and interesting way to learn vocabulary important for your exam. Now discover new meanings while also going through current affairs articles at the same time!

Today’s article title is: RBI’s payout unlikely to plug the huge govt revenue hole created by Covid

Did you find words that were absolutely new? Great! Below are the explanations given for some of those difficult words you found. Go through them slowly and don’t forget to do the exercises at the end.

Important words and idioms from the article

PLUG

VERB

Pronunciation: pluhg

Meaning: to close up so that no empty spaces remain

Synonyms: block, bung, dam, fill, pack, stop, stuff

Antonyms: excavate, hollow (out), scoop (out), shovel

Usage: We need to plug the hole before water starts seeping in 


DEFICIT

Noun

Pronunciation: dih-fis-it  

Meaning: a falling short of an essential or desirable amount or number

Synonyms: crunch, dearth, inadequateness, insufficiency, lack, lacuna, paucity

Antonyms: abundance, adequacy, amplitude, opulence, plenitude, plenty, sufficiency, wealth

Usage: The shop in front of my house always has a deficit of supplies


DISCLOSE

Verb

Pronunciation: dih-sklohz

Meaning: to make known (as information previously kept secret)

Synonyms: bare, discover, divulge, expose, reveal, unveil

Antonyms: cloak, conceal, cover (up), enshroud, hide, mask, shroud, veil

Usage: I will not disclose this secret 

Forms: Disclosure (noun), Disclosed (adjective)


SPECULATE

Verb

Pronunciation: spek-yuh-leyt 

Meaning: to form an opinion from little or no evidence

Synonyms: assume, conjecture, daresay, guess, imagine, presume, suppose, surmise

Antonyms: prove, substantiate, validate

Usage: You cannot just speculate about this when I need concrete proof! 

Forms: Speculation (noun)


CITE

Verb

Pronunciation: sahyt

Meaning: to give as an example, to make reference to

Synonyms: adduce, instance, mention, quote

Antonyms: disregard, forget, ignore, neglect, overlook

Usage:  They cite his name whenever possible

Forms: Citation (noun)

Practice Questions

Q1) If the words ‘Cite’ and ‘Adduce’ make a perfect pair, select the correct pair from the following set of words following the same logic:

  1. Mention-Ignore
  2. Substantiate-Speculate
  3. Disclose-Conceal
  4. Plug-Block

Q2) Create sentences of your own with the following words:

  1. Cite
  2. Plug
  3. Deficit

Tell us your answers in the comments below.