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Today’s article talks about a study by University of California that show how even young adults are susceptible to Covid-19 in USA 

The article title is: New research: 1 in 3 young US adults found vulnerable to severe Covid.

Did you find words that were absolutely new? Great! Below are the explanations given for some of those difficult words you found. Go through them slowly and don’t forget to do the exercises at the end.

Important words and idioms from the article


Pronunciation: in-duh-keit

Part of Speech: verb

Meaning: a) point out or show

                 b) suggest something as being desirable

Synonyms: signify, display, hint, illustrate

Antonyms: conceal, deny, hide

Usage: These signs indicate that the vehicle must stop.

Forms: indicator(noun)


Pronunciation: vuhl-nuh-ruh-bil-uh-tee

Part of Speech: noun

Meaning: the state of being exposed to harm or attack

Synonyms: susceptibility, culpability, amenableness

Antonyms: aid, asset, immunity

Usage: She had just recovered from pneumonia, her body is not out of vulnerability from germs .

Forms: vulnerable(adjective)


Pronunciation: kuhm-plai

Part of Speech: noun

Meaning: have an effect or influence

Synonyms: mark, significance, imprint

Antonyms: unimportance

Usage: Reading this book had a life-changing impact on me.


Pronunciation: suh-paas

Part of Speech: verb

Meaning: be better than something or someone

Synonyms: beat, eclipse, exceed, outpace

Antonyms: fail, fall behind, lose

Usage: She surpassed all her classmates in merit.


Pronunciation: uh-dvuhs

Part of Speech: adjective

Meaning: harmful

Synonyms: unfavourable, antagonistic, conflicting, detrimental

Antonyms: advantageous, beneficial, assisting 

Usage: The effects of the vaccine trials were adverse.

Forms: adversity(noun)


Pronunciation: es-tuh-meyt

Part of Speech: verb, noun

Meaning: a) roughly judge or calculate(verb)

                 b) an approximate calculation(noun)

Synonyms: assessment, measurement, evaluation, rating

Antonyms: fact, truth

Usage: .The number of people to attend the seminar was estimated to be a hundred.

Forms: estimation(noun)


Pronunciation: veuh-ree-uh-bl

Part of Speech: adjective

Meaning: subject to change

Synonyms: fickle, fluctuating, volatile

Antonyms: stable, unchangeable

Usage: The outcome of the test can be variable in accordance with the temperature.

Forms: vary(verb)


Pronunciation: kyoo-myoo-luht-uhv

Part of Speech: noun

Meaning: increasing or increased quantity

Synonyms: additory, advancing, amassed

Antonyms: decreasing, subtracting

Usage: Henry’s ill-temper was always cumulative and now it has reached a point of aggression.

Forms: cumulate(verb)


Pronunciation: uh-myoon

Part of Speech: adjective

Meaning: resistant to something harmful

Synonyms: exempt, unaffected, safe

Antonyms: susceptible, unguarded, vulnerable

Usage: He was bitten by a dog, he must take a vaccine to be immuned.

Forms: immunity (noun)


Pronunciation: sheeld

Part of Speech: noun, verb

Meaning: a) a person or thing providing protection(noun)

                 b) to protect from risk

Synonyms: buffer, shelter, defend, safeguard

Usage: Warriors in the medieval era used metal blocks as a shield against the enemies.

Practice Questions

Q1) If the words ‘variable’ and ‘changeable’ make a perfect pair, select the correct pair from the following set of words following the same logic:

  1. Vulnerability-Immunity
  2. Impact-Influence
  3. Immune-Risk
  4. Estimate-Truth

Q2) Create sentences of your own with the following words:

  1. Cumulative
  2. Vulnerability
  3. Surpass
  4. Adverse
  5. Indicate

Tell us your answers in the comments below.

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