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Today’s article talks about how there is a lack of legal action being taken against match-fixing in different fields of sports. 

The article title is: Draw a line.

Did you find words that were absolutely new? Great! Below are the explanations given for some of those difficult words you found. Go through them slowly and don’t forget to do the exercises at the end.

Important words and idioms from the article


Pronunciation: haw-bl

Part of Speech: verb,noun

Meaning: a) walk in an awkward manner due to an injury

                 b) an awkward way of walking

Synonyms: falter, stumble, stagger

Antonyms: stable

Usage: He hobbled down the stairs and everyone was scared.


Pronunciation: uh·kyooz

Part of Speech: verb

Meaning: to charge someone of a crime or a mistake forcefully without any evidence

Synonyms: allege, arraign, blame, charge

Antonyms: exculpate, defend

Usage: Sharon accused him of stealing her files.

Forms: accusation(noun)


Pronunciation: mis-uhd-ven-chuh

Part of Speech: noun

Meaning: an unfortunate incident

Synonyms: mishap, blunder, misfortune, woe

Forms: advantage, blessing, boon

Usage: We are never warned of the misadventures that befall upon us.

Forms: misadventurous(adjective), adventure(noun), adventurous(adjective)


Pronunciation: uh-fens

Part of Speech: noun, verb

Meaning: a) a breach of a law or rule(noun)

                 b) a resentment due to an insult(verb)

Synonyms: misdeed, misdemeanor, displeasure

Antonyms: obedience, good deed

Usage: Rakesh took Sheela’s statement as an offence to his work ethics.

Forms: offend(verb), offensive(adjective)


Pronunciation: spaas-lee

Part of Speech: adverb

Meaning: in a thinly scattered manner

Synonyms: faintly, mildly, moderately 

Antonyms: heavily, thickly, roughly

Usage: This neighbourhood is sparsely populated.

Forms: sparse(adjective)


Pronunciation: maw-nuh-tuh

Part of Speech: verb

Meaning: observe or check the progress or quality of something

Synonyms: control, oversee, supervise

Antonyms: neglect, ignore

Usage: Sashank monitored the preparations for the school function all alone.


Pronunciation: a-duh-kvuht

Part of Speech: adjective

Meaning: in sufficient quality or quantity

Synonyms: enough, fair, suitable

Antonyms: inept, insufficient, inadequate

Usage: There is an adequate amount of food supplies for a week at home.

Forms: adequately(adverb)


Pronunciation: uhm-pyoo-nuh-tee

Part of Speech: noun

Meaning: freedom from punishment

Synonyms: dispensation, exemption, liberty, freedom

Antonyms: prohibition, veto, imprisonment

Usage: Despite having broken the laws several times his impunity surprised everyone


Pronunciation: meh-thuh-daw-luh-jee

Part of Speech: noun

Meaning: a system of methods used in a particular activity or field

Synonyms: mode, procedure, technique, approach

Usage: A specific methodology needs to be used in order to code this program.

Forms: method(noun), methodical(adjective), methodically(adverb)


Pronunciation: deem

Part of Speech: verb

Meaning: consider in a specific way

Synonyms: assume, believe, expect, presume

Antonyms: disregard, disbelieve

Usage: They included whatever they deemed as necessary in the syllabus.

Practice Questions

Q1) If the words ‘hobble’ and ‘stable’ make a perfect pair, select the correct pair from the following set of words following the same logic:

  1. Impunity-Freedom
  2. Monitor-Neglect
  3. Adequate-Sufficient
  4. Offence-Displeasure

Q2) Create sentences of your own with the following words:

  1. Misadventure
  2. Impunity
  3. Methodology
  4. Accuse
  5. Deem

Tell us your answers in the comments below.

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