Eazyprep brings to you ‘Words in News’, an easy and interesting way to find new important vocab for your exam and discover their meanings while also going through current affairs articles at the same time!

Here’s an article from the newspaper,’The Indian Express’. Read the article and then come back to us!

Article name: ‘Returning to the City’ 

Important words and phrases from the article

EXODUS

Pronunciation : ek-suh-duhs

Part of Speech: noun

Meaning: mass departure of people

Synonyms: exit,evacuation, migration

Antonyms: stay, arrival, entrance

Usage: There was a major exodus of the employees from the company due to decrement of salary.


EMPHASIZE

Pronunciation : em-fuh-sahyz

Part of Speech: verb

Meaning: a) to give importance or value to something

                b) lay stress when speaking or writing

Synonyms: accentuate, affirm, point out, reiterate

Antonyms: mumble, ignore, unaccented

 Usage: While making the presentation emphasize on our budget.

 Forms: emphasis(noun)


STAPLE

Pronunciation : stei-pl

Part of Speech: noun,verb

Meaning: a regular necessity

Synonyms: chief, fundamental, essential, key

Antonyms: extra, insignificant, inessential, subordinate

Usage: Rice and fish is a staple food of Bengal.


UTILIZATION

Pronunciation: yoo-tuh-li-zhay-shun

Part of Speech: verb

Meaning:  to make practical and effective use of something

Synonyms: application, usage, employment

Antonyms: abuse, misapplication, misusage

Usage: We have to make complete utilization of the resources we are provided.

Forms: utilise(verb), utility(verb), utilitarian(adjective, noun)


MIGRATION

Pronunciation: mai-grei-shn

Part of Speech: noun

Meaning: a) seasonal movement of birds and animals from one place to another

                 b) movement from one part of somewhere to another

Synonyms: flight, journey, movement, transfer

Antonyms: stagnant, idleness, inaction

Usage: There is a huge amount of Siberian cranes to India during the winters.

Forms: migrate (verb)


TRIGGER

Pronunciation: tri-guh

Part of Speech: noun, verb

Meaning:  a) a small device that releases a spring or catch and so sets off a mechanism, especially in order to fire a gun.

                  b) cause (a device) to function

Synonyms: bring about, cause, generate, prompt

Antonyms: halt, stop, prevent

Usage: He pulled the trigger and the bullet came out in a fraction of a second from the gun.


SUSTAIN

Pronunciation: suh-stein

Part of Speech: verb

Meaning: a)strengthen or support physically or mentally(verb)

                 b)undergo or suffer (verb)

Synonyms: assist, support, tolerate, withstand

Antonyms: hinder, obstruct, deprive

Usage: We need to send aid to the less fortunate in order to sustain them.

Forms: sustenance (noun)


ENFORCE

Pronunciation: uhn-faws

Part of Speech: verb

Meaning:  cause something to happen by necessity or force 

Synonyms: apply, carry, out, implement, impose

Antonyms: cease, halt, check

Usage: A new law was enforced by the Supreme court.

Forms: enforcement (noun)


TRICKLE

Pronunciation: tri-kl

Part of Speech: verb,noun

Meaning: a) to flow in a small stream (verb)

                 b) a small flow of liquid (noun)

Synonyms: crawl, creep, leak, dribble

Antonyms: pour

Usage: During summers the river dries to a trickle.


HUMANE

Pronunciation: hyoo-mein

Part of Speech: adjective

Meaning: having or showing compassion or benevolence

Synonyms: merciful, considerate, cordial, generous

Antonyms: inhumane, monstrous, malevolent

Usage: There should be rules to treat animals in a humane manner

Forms: human(noun), humanity(noun), humanly (adverb), humanely(adverb)


Practice Questions

Q.1) Which of the following set of words follow the same logic as Migration: Transfer?

  1. Trickle-Cripple
  2. Enforce-Halt
  3. Sustain-Support
  4. Humane-Malevolent

Q,2) Create sentences of your own with the following words:

  1. Trigger
  2. Exodus
  3. Trickle
  4. Humane
  5. Emphasise 

Write down your answers in the comments section below!


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