Eazyprep brings to you ‘Words in News’, an easy and interesting way to learn vocabulary important for your exam. Now discover new meanings while also going through current affairs articles at the same time!

Today’s article title is: Government notifies new rules for e-commerce entities: Here’s what changed

Did you find words that were absolutely new? Great! Below are the explanations given for some of those difficult words you found. Go through them slowly and don’t forget to do the exercises at the end.

Important words and idioms from the article

COMPLIANCE

Noun

Pronunciation: kuh m-plahy-uh ns 

Meaning: the act of conforming, acquiescing, or yielding

Synonyms: acquiescence, biddability, compliancy, deference, docility, obedience, submissiveness

Antonyms: defiance, disobedience, intractability, recalcitrance

Usage: Compliance is highly desirable in the military culture 

Forms: Comply (verb), Compliant (adjective)


ARBITRARY

Adjective

Pronunciation: ahr-bi-trer-ee

Meaning: lacking a definite plan, purpose, or pattern

Synonyms: aimless, desultory, erratic, haphazard, helter-skelter, random, scattered

Antonyms: methodical, orderly, organized, regular, systematic, systematized

Usage: I cannot trust your arbitrary decision 


CONTRAVENE

Verb

Pronunciation: kon-truh-veen 

Meaning: to fail to keep 

Synonyms: breach, break, fracture, infringe (on or upon), offend, traduce, transgress, violate

Antonyms: comply (with), conform (to), follow, mind, obey, observe

Usage: Your acts contravene the policy of the company 

Forms: Contravention (noun)


INVENTORY

Noun

Pronunciation: in-vuhn-tawr-ee

Meaning: the number of individuals or amount of something available at any given time

Synonyms: budget, force, fund, pool, repertoire, reservoir, stock, supply

Usage: We are short on inventory this quarter 

Forms: Inventorize (verb)


AEGIS

Noun

Pronunciation: ee-jis

Meaning: protection; support

Synonyms: cover, protection, safeguard, screen, security, auspice, backing, patronage, sponsorship

Usage: They are functioning under the aegis of the ministry


Practice Questions

Q1) If the words ‘Aegis’ and ‘Patronage’ make a perfect pair, select the correct pair from the following set of words following the same logic:

  1. Inventory-Pool
  2. Contravene-Comply
  3. Arbitrary-Methodical
  4. Comply-Defy

Q2) Create sentences of your own with the following words:

  1. Compliance
  2. Arbitrary
  3. Aegis
  4. Contravene

Tell us your answers in the comments below.