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Today’s article title is: The scourge of tax arrears, growth risks, and more

Did you find words that were absolutely new? Great! Below are the explanations are given for some of those difficult words you found. Go through them slowly and don’t forget to do the exercises at the end.

Important words and idioms from the article

SCOURGE

Noun

Pronunciation: skurj

Meaning: a source of harm or misfortune

Synonyms: affliction, bane, curse, nemesis

Antonyms: benefit, blessing, boon, felicity, godsend

Usage: Greed is the scourge of humanity 

Forms: Scourge (verb)


INTROSPECTION

Noun

Pronunciation: in-truh-spekt

Meaning: examination of one’s own thoughts and feelings 

Synonyms: self-contemplation, self-examination, self-observation, self-questioning, self-reflection  

Usage: This needs a lot of introspection from my side 

Forms: Introspect (verb)


CONSTRAINT

Noun

Pronunciation: kuhn-streynt

Meaning: something that limits one’s freedom of action or choice/ to keep one’s emotions in check

Synonyms: check, circumscription, condition, curb, fetter/ discipline, discretion, inhibition, refrainment, repression

Antonyms: freedom, latitude/ disinhibition, incontinence, unconstraint

Usage: As a civil servant, one requires to exercise some constraint over own’s feelings

Forms: Constraining (verb), Constrained (adjective)


RESOLVE

Verb

Pronunciation: ri-zolv 

Meaning: to find an answer for through reasoning/ to set or force apart

Synonyms: solve, unravel, unriddle, work out/ break up, decouple, disassociate, split

Antonyms: join, link, unify, unite

Usage: We will resolve this issue/ a prism resolves a ray of light into constituent colors

Forms: Resolution (noun), Resolved (adjective)


HIGHLIGHT

Verb

Pronunciation: hahy-lahyt

Meaning: to indicate the importance of by centering attention on

Synonyms:  accentuate, emphasize, feature, illuminate, stress

Antonyms: de-emphasize, play down

Usage: The chapters highlight the important role of parents in a child’s life 
Forms: Highlight (noun), Highlighted (adjective)