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Today’s article talks about how banning Chinese goods is not possible. 

The article title is: Unmaking in India.

Did you find words that were absolutely new? Great! Below are the explanations given for some of those difficult words you found. Go through them slowly and don’t forget to do the exercises at the end.

Important words and idioms from the article


Pronunciation: kuhn-syoo-muh

Part of Speech: noun

Meaning: a person who buys goods for personal use

Synonyms: purchaser, customer, shopper, user

Antonyms: seller, marketer

Usage: The goal of our company should be to cater to the needs of the consumers.

Forms: consume(verb), consumerism(noun)


Pronunciation: klam-er

Part of Speech: noun, verb

Meaning: a) a loud and confused noise(verb)

                 b)shouting and jeering loudly(noun)

Synonyms: agitation, uproar, tumult, upheaval

Antonyms: calm, peace, harmony, agreement

Usage: I couldn’t hear what Sameer was saying amidst all the clamour.


Pronunciation: shuhn-uhng

Part of Speech: verb

Meaning: continuously avoiding or ignoring someone

Synonyms: despising, disdaining, neglecting, scorning 

Forms: accepting, approving

Usage: Sheela was hurt by the constant shunning out of herself by her friends.


Pronunciation: aw-puh-tyoon

Part of Speech: adjective

Meaning: a) a suitable time for an action or an event to occur

                 b) done or happening at a favourable moment

Synonyms: apt, timely, convenient, fortuitous 

Antonyms: untimely, inappropriate, unsuitable

Usage: Kristi found the most opportune moment to ask her mother if she could go out to play.

Forms: opportunity(noun), opportunist(verb)


Pronunciation: kawn-tuhm-pleit

Part of Speech: verb

Meaning: to think about something deeply and at great lengths

Synonyms: ponder, consider, weigh, observe

Antonyms: disregard, forget

Usage: It is too late now to contemplate over the decision that you’ve already made.

Forms: contemplation(noun


Pronunciation: uhb-suhd

Part of Speech: adjective

Meaning: an action, thing or person who is wildly unreasonable and illogical

Synonyms: ridiculous, senseless, irrational, ludicrous

Antonyms: reasonable, rational, logical

Usage: His behaviour was absurd at the party, very unlikely of him.

Forms: absurdist(noun)


Pronunciation: eg-zuh-kyoot

Part of Speech: verb

Meaning: a) put a plan or action into effect

                 b) carry out a death sentence

Synonyms: implement, perform, prosecute, enforce

Antonyms: halt, prevent

Usage: It is not as easy to execute as to suggest.

Forms: execution(verb)


Pronunciation: im-puhls

Part of Speech: noun

Meaning: a) a sudden strong urge to act without thinking

                 b) something that causes an action or event to occur

Synonyms: desire, passion, stimulus, impetus

Antonyms: disadvantage, discontent, misery 

Usage: I had an impulse to give myself a haircut.

Forms: impulsive(adjective), impulsively(adverb) 


Pronunciation: fuh-si-luh-teit

Part of Speech: verb

Meaning: make an event or action occur easily 

Synonyms: aid, ease, expedite, further

Antonyms: block, hinder, halt, obstruct

Usage: The minister facilitated the arrival of aids to the needy.

Forms: facility(noun)


Pronunciation: eh-muh-neit

Part of Speech: verb

Meaning: produce or spread out from a source

Synonyms: radiate, originate, emit, emerge

Antonyms: conceal, hold, withdraw

Usage: Bill emanated such positive energy.

Forms: emanation(noun)

Practice Questions

Q1) If the words ‘clamour’ and ‘agitation’ make a perfect pair, select the correct pair from the following set of words following the same logic:

  1. Shunning-Accepting
  2. Impulse-Consider
  3. Emanate-Radiate
  4. Absurd-Ordinary

Q2) Create sentences of your own with the following words:

  1. Contemplate 
  2. Consumer
  3. Clamour
  4. Execute 
  5. Facilitate

Tell us your answers in the comments below.

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