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Today’s article talks about how the scrapping of 10th and 12th standard exams by CBSE has led the educational system of India to rethink their policies. 

The article title is: Use the pause.

Did you find words that were absolutely new? Great! Below are the explanations given for some of those difficult words you found. Go through them slowly and don’t forget to do the exercises at the end.

Important words and idioms from the article

CONDUCIVE

Pronunciation: kuhn-dyoo-suhv

Part of Speech: adjective

Meaning: making certain situation or outcome possible

Synonyms: favourable, contributive, promotive, helpful

Antonyms: adverse, unfavourable, discouraging

Usage: The weather is conducive to playing outdoor games.

Forms: conduct(noun), conductive(adjective), conduction(noun)


SCENARIO

Pronunciation: see-neh-ree-ow

Part of Speech: noun

Meaning: a sequence of development of events

Synonyms: outline, sketch, plot

Usage: So far the things are not going according to the plan, the scenario does not look good.

Forms: scenery(noun), scenic(adjective)


ASCERTAIN 

Pronunciation: uh-suh-tn

Part of Speech: verb

Meaning: make sure of something

Synonyms: confirm, assure, verify, check

Forms: ignore, overlook, neglect

Usage: The teacher made it a point to ascertain that the children were okay.

Forms: certain(adjective,pronoun) certainly(adeverb)


COMPREHENSIVE

Pronunciation: kawm-pruh-hen-suhv

Part of Speech: adjective

Meaning: a) including all the aspects of something

                 b) easily understandable

Synonyms: inclusive, full, thorough, completed

Antonyms: empty, incomplete, narrow, limited

Usage: The directions on the pamphlet were easy and comprehensive.

Forms: comprehension(noun), comprehend(verb), comprehensible(adjective)


BURDEN

Pronunciation: buh-dn

Part of Speech: noun, verb

Meaning: a) a heavy load(noun)

                 b) to load heavily(verb)

Synonyms: strain, task, hardship, difficulty

Antonyms: light, easy, relief

Usage: Having a full-time job and then managing household chores is a burden.


WEIGHTAGE

Pronunciation: weit-ij

Part of Speech: noun, verb

Meaning: a)the importance of something(noun)

                 b) to give something importance(verb)

Synonyms: importance, gravity, seriousness

Antonyms: triviality, lightness, ignorance

Usage: We need to give more weightage to the case of burglary.

Forms: weight(noun), weigh(verb), weighty(adjective)


STAGGER

Pronunciation:sta-guh 

Part of Speech: verb, noun

Meaning: a) to move in an unsteady motion(verb)

                 b) deeply shock(verb)

                 c) an unsteady walk(noun)

Synonyms: falter, lurch, teeter, wobble

Antonyms: steady, stable

Usage: Pramit was terribly ill, he was walking in a stagger.


DISPROPORTIONATE

Pronunciation: dis-pruh-pawr-shuhn-it

Part of Speech: adjective

Meaning: too large or too small in comparison with something else

Synonyms: inordinate, unequal, asymmetric, uneven

Antonyms: proportionate, balanced, even

Usage: The body parts of the sculpture were disproportionate.

Forms: disproportion(noun), proportion(noun), proportionate(adjective) 


STALL 

Pronunciation: stall

Part of Speech: verb

Meaning: stop or cause to stop making progress

Synonyms: delay, halt, hamper, distract

Antonyms: advance, continue, encourage

Usage: Hritesh stalled Sushma from her work with his unnecessary banter.


ANXIETY

Pronunciation: ang-zai-uh-tee

Part of Speech: noun

Meaning: feeling nervousness or uneasy about the uncertain outcome of something

Synonyms: angst, apprehension, concern, panic

Antonyms: calm, collected, composed

Usage: Susan’s anxiety knew no bounds before the declaration of her exam results.

Forms: anxious(adjective)


Practice Questions

Q1) If the words ‘stall’ and ‘distract’ make a perfect pair, select the correct pair from the following set of words following the same logic:

  1. Anxiety-Calm
  2. Conducive-Adverse
  3. Stagger-Wobble
  4. Ascertain-Uncertain

Q2) Create sentences of your own with the following words:

  1. Anxiety
  2. Conducive
  3. Scenario
  4. Burden
  5. Weightage

Tell us your answers in the comments below.


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