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Today’s article title is: Vodafone verdict: Impact on Cairn unlikely, basis of scrutiny distinct

Did you find words that were absolutely new? Great! Below are the explanations are given for some of those difficult words you found. Go through them slowly and don’t forget to do the exercises at the end.

Important words and idioms from the article

CONCLUDE

Verb

Pronunciation: kuhn-klood

Meaning: to come, or bring, to an end

Synonyms: close, close out, complete, end, finish, round (off or out), terminate, wind up, wrap up

Antonyms: begin, commence, inaugurate, open, start

Usage: I will now conclude my speech with a quote 

Forms: Conclusion (noun)


PROTRACTED

Adjective

Pronunciation: proh-trak-tid

Meaning: as in prolonged, overlong

Synonyms: extended, prolonged, aeonian (or aeonic), endless, everlasting

Antonyms: abrupt, sudden, abbreviated

Usage: His speech was protracted 

Forms: Protracted (verb), Protraction (noun)


RETROSPECTIVE

Adjective

Pronunciation: re-truh-spek-tiv 

Meaning: given to or marked by reflection of the past

Synonyms: backward-looking, nostalgic

Antonyms: farseeing, farsighted, forehanded, foreseeing

Usage: You cannot keep thinking in a retrospective mode 

Forms: Retrospectively (adverb), Retrospect (verb)


ARBITRARY

Adjective

Pronunciation: ahr-bi-trer-ee

Meaning: lacking a definite plan, purpose, or pattern

Synonyms: aimless, desultory, erratic, haphazard, helter-skelter, hit-or-miss, random, scattered, slapdash, stray

Antonyms: methodical, nonrandom, orderly, organized, regular, systematic, systematized

Usage: His direction seems to be arbitrary 

Forms: Arbitrarily (adverb)


VERDICT

Noun

Pronunciation: vur-dikt

Meaning: a position arrived at after consideration

Synonyms: award, call, conclusion, decision, deliverance, determination, diagnosis, judgement, opinion, resolution

Antonyms: deadlock, draw, halt, stalemate, standoff, tie
Usage: We are all waiting to hear the court’s verdict