Eazyprep brings to you ‘Words in News’, an easy and interesting way to find new important vocab for your exam and discover their meanings while also going through current affairs articles at the same time!

Here’s an article from the newspaper,’The Indian Express’. The article is about ‘India China Border Face-off’

Important words and idioms from the article

PERSONNEL

Pronunciation : puh-suhn-el  

Part of Speech: noun

Meaning: a person associated with an organized especially that of military services

Synonyms: crew, troop, work force

Antonyms: none

Usage: Rajesh was an army personnel in the CIF. 


NATIVE

Pronunciation : nei-tiv

 Part of Speech: noun, adjective

Meaning: a) a person or a group of people identifying to their place of birth  (noun)

                b) association with the place of origin or birth (adjective)

Synonyms: Indigenous ,citizen, inhabitant, natural

Antonyms: foreign, alien, outsider

 Usage: Ashok Nagar is his native village

 Forms: nativity (noun)


MORTAL

Pronunciation : maw-tl

Part of Speech: adjective, noun

Meaning: a) subject to death or decay (adjective)

                b) something that has the capacity to cause death (adjective)

                c) a human being subject to death

Synonyms: being, earthling, fatal, lethal

Antonyms: immortal, inanimate, abstract

Usage: We mortals have little to no power in front of the God Almighty. .

 Forms: mortality(noun)  


COMPREHEND

Pronunciation: kawm-pruh-hend

Part of Speech: verb

Meaning: to understand or get a grasp over something 

Synonyms: discern, fathom, grasp, perceive

Antonyms: misunderstand, misinterpret, mistake

Usage: She could not comprehend the new concepts of thermodynamics introduced in class

Forms: Comprehension (verb), Comprehensible (adjective).


BOOMING

Pronunciation: boom-uhng

Part of Speech: adjective

Meaning: a) having a state or period of great energy and prosperity

                 b) a loud and cheery voice

Synonyms: profitable, prosperous, thriving, roaring

Antonyms: failing, losing, weak

Usage: His booming voice still rings in my ears.

Forms: boom (noun)


CONDOLE

Pronunciation: kuhn-dole

Part of Speech: verb

Meaning: a) share grief with someone or express sympathy

Synonyms: console, comfort, soothe, commiserate

Antonyms: distress, trouble, hurt, upset

Usage: They all came to condole with her for the loss of her father. .

Forms: condolence (noun)


SOLATIUM

Pronunciation: soh-ley-shee-uhm

Part of Speech: noun

Meaning: a token of consolation

Synonyms: amends,compensation,atonement, pay

Antonyms: penalty, retrieve

Usage: At the time of his retirement, Mr. Sharma received a lump sum money as solatium.


DIVERT

Pronunciation: dai-vuht

Part of Speech: verb

Meaning: a) to turn to a different direction

                  b) to capture someone’s attention

Synonyms: alter, deflect, avert, change

Antonyms: stay, stable, maintain

Usage: Her attention was constantly diverted to the music playing outside

Forms: diversion (noun), diversity (noun)


ALLEGATION

Pronunciation: a-luh-gei-shn

Part of Speech: noun

Meaning: a) the claim that someone is guilty without having any evidence

Synonyms: accusation,charge,claim

Antonyms: exculpation, denial

Usage: An allegation was put on Rohan to have stolen money from the trust fund.


DEVASTATE

Pronunciation: deh-vuh-steit

Part of Speech: verb

Meaning: a) to destroy

                 b) to cause someone great grief and shock

Synonyms: ruin, ravage, rampage, destruct

Antonyms: build, construct, create, guard

Usage: Houses and crops were devastated by the arrival of the cyclone.

Forms: devastation (noun)


Practice Questions

Q1) If the words ‘comprehend’ and ‘fathom’ make a perfect pair, select the correct pair from the following set of words:

  1. Native-Alien
  2. Destruct-Construct
  3. Booming-Thriving
  4. Charge-Denial

Q2) Create sentences of your own with the following words:

  1. Mortal
  2. Condole
  3. Solatium
  4. Allegation
  5. Devastate

Tell us your answers in the comments below.


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