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Today’s article talks about how there is a need to take adequate steps by Indian government against Chinese aggression. 

The article title is: Stand up, speak up.

Did you find words that were absolutely new? Great! Below are the explanations given for some of those difficult words you found. Go through them slowly and don’t forget to do the exercises at the end.

Important words and idioms from the article

CREDIBLE

Pronunciation: kreh-duh-bl

Part of Speech: adjective

Meaning: something that is convincing

Synonyms: believable, conceivable, sincere, plausible

Antonyms: deceptive, implausible, unreasonable

Usage: The story that he narrated was not credible.

Forms: credibility(noun)


COALITION

Pronunciation: kow-uh-li-shn

Part of Speech: noun

Meaning: when two different parties form a group, especially political

Synonyms: affiliation, alliance, bloc, amalgamation 

Antonyms: division, disunion

Usage: The two opposition parties formed a coalition against the third.

Forms: coalesce(verb)


AGGRESSIVENESS

Pronunciation: uh-gres-uhv-nuhs

Part of Speech: noun

Meaning: hostile behaviour

Synonyms: hostility, militance, combativeness

Antonyms: calmness, serenity

Usage: His aggressiveness in the play field was terrific.

Forms: aggressive(adjective), aggression(noun)


ASYMMETRY

Pronunciation: ei-si-muh-tree

Part of Speech: noun

Meaning: not having equivalence between the different parts of a structure

Synonyms: imbalance, inequality, unevenness

Antonyms: symmetry, evenness 

Usage: The different parts of the sculpture were in asymmetry.

Forms: asymmetrical(adjective), asymmetric(adjective)


DIVERSITY

Pronunciation: dai-vuhs-uh-tee

Part of Speech: noun

Meaning: a range of different things

Synonyms: variety, difference, assortment, medley

Antonyms: identical, similarity, uniformity

Usage: There was a diversity of people from all cultural backgrounds at the function.

Forms: diverse(adjective)


BELLIGERENCE

Pronunciation: buh-li-juh-ruhns

Part of Speech: noun

Meaning: violent or war like behaviour

Synonyms: aggressiveness, antagonism, combativeness

Antonyms: meekness, timidity

Usage: Ashoka went to the battle with sheer belligerence and emerged victorious.

Forms: belligerent(adjective, noun), belligerency(noun) 


PROVOKE

Pronunciation: pruh-vowk

Part of Speech: verb

Meaning: stimulate someone to do something 

Synonyms: evoke, arouse, elicit, incite

Antonyms: halt, dissuade, demote

Usage: He was provoked by his friend to have acted in that manner

Forms: provocative(adjective)


REDEEM

Pronunciation: uhm-pyoo-nuh-tee

Part of Speech: noun

Meaning: regain possession of something

Synonyms: recover, recoup, reclaim 

Antonyms: forfeit, lose

Usage: He went to the store and redeemed the value of his coupons.

Forms: redemption(noun)


PARAGON

Pronunciation: pa-ruh-gn

Part of Speech: noun

Meaning: a person who is considered as the best in the field

Synonyms: epitome, exemplar, outstanding, apotheosis

Usage: She is a paragon in her department of research.


CONDESCENSION 

Pronunciation:kawn-duh-sen-shn 

Part of Speech: noun

Meaning: considering oneself superior from others

Synonyms: disdain, superiority, haughtiness

Antonyms: humility, modest

Usage: The manager’s condescension toward his employees was rude.

Forms: condescend(verb), condescending(adjective)

Practice Questions

Q1) If the words ‘coalition’ and ‘union’ make a perfect pair, select the correct pair from the following set of words following the same logic:

  1. Aggressiveness-Calmness
  2. Diversity-Similarity
  3. Redeem-Regain
  4. Asymmetry-Unevenness

Q2) Create sentences of your own with the following words:

  1. Condescension
  2. Belligerence 
  3. Provoke 
  4. Credible 
  5. Paragon

Tell us your answers in the comments below.